Oral Surgery

1) Simple and Surgical Extractions

This method is used to remove a tooth from the mouth. The tooth needs to be removed for certain reasons such as tooth decay. Damage to the tooth due to breakage or decay is one of the common causes that lead to extraction of tooth. Below are some of the causes which lead to tooth extraction:-

  • Teeth which are fractured.
  • Blockage of teeth from growing due to other teeth.
  • Surgery during planting of braces.
  • Poor look of cosmetic teeth which later cannot be restored.
  • Diseases and other bacteria which causes decaying.

There are usually 2 types of extractions

Simple Extractions It’s a simple procedure which is done on the tooth that is visible inside the mouth. Performed under local an aesthetic, this procedure requires use of 2 main instruments. An elevator to lift the tooth and dental forceps to move the tooth back and forth till the tooth becomes loose enough to be removed.

Surgical Extractions Teeth which aren’t easily visible and requires extraction due to either not fully erupted or broken under the gum is done via Surgical Extraction. For this procedure, the doctor needs to elevate the soft tissues covering the tooth by making an excision. Later on, with the help of a drill the tooth is split in to pieces making it easier to be extracted.

2) Sinus Lift Surgery

This procedure is done under the supervision of a trained dentist or dentist specialized on the upper jaw bone when the sinus gets lowered. The lowering of the sinus makes it difficult when a tooth needs to be implanted. This procedure increases the sinus to elevate while securing the implants that is required. Tooth that gets lost when not treated properly, trauma and periodontal diseases are some of the causes of sinus lowering.

3) Vestibuloplasty

This procedure is required when the oral vestibule is deepened that causes a change in the structure of the soft tissues. Those who wear denture braces are usually the ones that are affected, which later require refitting of the braces. Over the course of time, the appliance tends to get loose which leads to change in the soft tissues leading to increase in the size of the denture bearing area and height of the residual alveolar ridge. The procedure leads to diminishing of the denture bearing area.

4) Tongue Tie

Tongue tie, also known as Ankyloglossia, decreases the mobility of the tongue causing it difficult to feed, masticate or even speak properly. This is mostly seen in infants and new-born babies. The procedure required here is Frenectomy, which is short, and effective.

5) Apicectomy

A tooth, when fractured, or chipped, needs to undergo root canal treatment. In some situations, it is difficult to locate fractures or X-Rays which doesn’t reveal hidden canals during Endodontic surgery, leading to infection and pain at the tip of the tooth. An apicectomy procedure is done to remove the tip of the tooth’s root along with infected tissues that causes pain.