What is a Filling?

The shape or appearance of a tooth that changes due to accidental breakage or decay requires a repair. The repair is done by the use of fillings which can be in the form of a metal, GIC, amalgam or porcelain. The filling starts to restore the structure and functions of the disfigured tooth.

Can all Teeth with Holes or Fractures be Filled?

Fillings can be used on teeth that have undergone small to moderate fractures or decay. However, teeth with large decay or fractures require complex treatment or cannot be saved.

Can Fillings be Repaired Rather than Replaced?

Few fillings can be repaired when there is a small fracture and has no presence of decay. Or else, the fillings cannot be repaired.

How are Filings Done?

First, tooth preparation is done with the help of local anaesthesia by removing the decay and washing the tooth. After the tooth is dried, fillings are places to set into the cavity. Once the placing of filling is done, it is made into the shape of the original tooth according to the bite.

How Do I Know If I Need a Filling?

It is hard to tell whether you require fillings to the teeth. Many times, teeth with small to medium holes do not cause pain and moreover, due to decay, two-thirds of the tooth gets eaten away leaving holes from the inside. A dentist first takes dental X-rays for dental check-ups to check for early signs of decay. You may require fillings if the teeth become sensitive to cold, hot, or sweet or often hurts for a few minutes. On the other hand, certain people may require root canal treatment if the addition of fillings does not work.

How long do Fillings Last?

The lasting of dental fillings depends on factors such as position, material, pressure and functional shape. For instance; if an individual has undergone larger fillings, then the fillings break due to heavy functional load compared to smaller fillings. Therefore, it is hard to predict about the credibility of the lasting of the fillings. Hence, it is best to take recommendations from the dentist during your regular check-ups.

Is it Possible to Avoid Fillings?

You can avoid the placement of fillings if you consider these factors seriously and carefully. The factors include; oral self-care, attention to diet, proper using of mouthguards in order to prevent injury, and regular dental check-ups.

Can I have a Composite Filling Places in a Posterior Tooth?

Usually, it depends on the patient whether to opt for amalgam or composite fillings. However, it is best to take advice from the dentist as to which one is suited the best. Moreover, insurance companies also advise patients to choose composite fillings as it is cheaper and covered in dental insurance when compared to an amalgam filling.

Can I have my Amalgam Fillings replaced with Composite?

The best answer to this question can only be provided by the dentist depending on the individual’s health condition and long-term treatment plan. Some dentists advise patients to choose a cheaper option that is easy on the pocket and also painless treatment. However, it depends on the individual’s situation.

1. What is Gum Disease?

Conditions or factors affecting the supporting tissues for the teeth are called gum disease. The supporting tissues comprise of 2 things; one is the surface tissues visible in the mouth and second; the deeper tissues of the ligament, bone and root surface connecting the teeth to the bone. There are many reasons that cause gum disease. However, with proper care and treatment the disease can be avoided.

2. What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Bacteria are the main cause of periodontal disease. This is when the bacteria cause the formation of ‘Plaque’ which is in the form of a sticky and colourless film on the surface of the teeth. Smoking, pregnancy, stress, diabetes and other medications are also known to cause periodontal disease.

3. What are the Most Common Forms of Periodontal Disease?

Gingivitis is one form of periodontal disease which affects the deep part of supporting tissues called Periodontitis. However, the effects of gingivitis can be improved if proper care is taken. But, the bone and ligament that support and hold the teeth can be permanently damaged if gingivitis progresses to periodontitis. In the end, if periodontitis is ignored, then the person may face tooth loss.

4. Can Gum Disease be Treated Successfully?

If proper care is taken, then gum disease can be treated. If gum disease becomes difficult, then managing this disease also becomes difficult. Therefore, it is better to get treated at the beginning when infected by this disease. Treatment involves.

1. Following proper care at home.

2. Get the plaque and hard deposits removed above and below the gum line by a professional.

3. Regular visits to the dentist.

4. Try to quit smoking.

It is important to stop the growth of the bacteria that cause gum disease. If ignored, then this disease can cause permanent damage to the supporting tissues. Therefore, it is best to get yourself treated by a Periodontist.

5. My Gums Bleed. Is that OK?

It’s alright to bleed however, not OK. Bleeding is a sign of inflammation to the gums which is due to the presence of bacteria on the teeth’s surface. Gingivitis, periodontitis or traumatic cleaning are some of the causes of gum bleeding.

6. Who gets Periodontitis?

The majority of the population is prone to periodontitis as the age increases. However, a certain population of people especially above the age of 45 years is bound to face a significant degree of periodontitis. The situation may become worse if left untreated. Therefore, anyone is bound to face a certain degree of effects by periodontitis.

7. What are some of the Warning Signs of Periodontal Disease?

A few warning signs of periodontal disease include.

1. Gum bleeding while brushing the teeth.

2. Gums that recede.

3. Sensitive gums or teeth.

4. Bad breath.

8. What can you do?

It is best to go for regular check-ups with your dentist to detect any type of periodontal and other dental diseases. Moreover, you will be taught advanced techniques when it comes to brushing and flossing to get rid of periodontal disease. However, if the situation is worse, then the dentist may recommend other treatments that may require the use of local anaesthesia.

1. Why Do I Need a Dental Bridge?

The teeth inside our mouth are known to work together and if an individual has a missing tooth then it is considered to be a serious matter. A missing tooth causes the nearby teeth to either drift or tilts towards the empty space. With the help of dental implants, a dental bridge is placed to offer support to the nearby teeth giving the individual with a better shape of the face and smile.

2. Why Should I Replace Missing Teeth?

When an individual has a missing tooth, the mechanism of the teeth and bone get disturbed. This causes the jaw bone to shrink and the gum starts to pull back forcing the teeth to become weak. Moreover, missing teeth makes the individual look old and wrinkly. Therefore, it is important to replace the missing teeth from your dentist as soon as possible.

3. Can I Always Have a Dental Bridge to Replace Missing Teeth?

It usually depends on the situation. For a few, the strength of the dental bridge is not enough for the missing teeth. Consider the advice offered by your dentist rather than deciding on your own.

4. What Types of Dental Bridges are Available?

Today, there are 3 main types of dental bridges available.

1. Traditional Bridges – This type of dental bridge come with 3 crowns which are all joined together. The bridge is cemented directly next to the gap on the surface of the teeth.

2. Cantilever Bridges – This type of bridge is similar to a traditional bridge. The only difference between a traditional and cantilever bridge is that cantilever bridge has only 2 crowns joined together and then cemented on the surface of one tooth.

3. Maryland Bridges – This type of bridge does not have any crowns. Instead, it has a wing as support that gets connected on the back of the teeth.

5. What are Dental Bridges Made From?

Dental bridges have a natural and aesthetic look that is made out of a precious metal. Moreover, there is a layer of porcelain bonded on top of the bridge.

6. How Long Does the Treatment Take?

This type of treatment usually lasts for a period of 1 to 2 weeks requiring at least 2 visits to the dentist.

7. Will it be Difficult to Eat with a Dental Bridge?

The answer is no. The dental bridge helps to spread the food inside the mouth evenly.

8. How Do I Care for My Dental Bridge?

Cleaning dental bridge needs to be done regularly with the use of special floss. This means the one that supports the real and fake teeth both. Moreover, you need to visit the dentist who will show how to clean the bridge properly and carefully.

9. Will the Dental Bridge Change How I Speak?

In most of the cases, the speech remains the same. However, it will take some time for the speech to get used to the position of the new teeth inserted.

10. How Long Do Dental Bridges Last?

A maximum of either 5 or 7 years is the time dental bridges are known to last. Moreover, the life span of the bridge will also increase provided the individual practices oral hygiene, regular visits to the dentist and brushes the teeth properly.

Are there Other Methods Replacing Missing Teeth?

Apart from dental bridges, dentures and implants are other methods to replace the missing teeth.

What is Cosmetic Dentistry?

Thanks to the constant improvement in technology, there are tons of options available for the dentist as well as the patient for the teeth to look great. With cosmetic dentistry, problems such as dark teeth, chipped teeth, stained teeth, crooked teeth are repairable or replaceable. With the help of cosmetic dentistry, this technique helps to improve the teeth’s appearance.

1. What are the Latest Developments in Cosmetic Dentistry?

Tooth whitening, micro-abrasion, bonding, and veneers are the latest treatments in cosmetic dentistry. Let’s focus on them one after another.

2. Tooth Whitening – Without adding anything artificial properties, teeth can be whitened by tooth whitening. Certain dentists use high peroxide gel to whiten the teeth where this practice lasts for a short time. However, this technique is expensive and uncommon.

3. Micro-abrasion – This technique is used to remove the discoloured enamel present on the surface layer. With the help of a paste that contains acid and abrasive the surface of the enamel is cleaned. However, if the enamel is excessively discoloured, then the dentist would remove the affected enamel and then place the adhesive tooth.

4. Bonding – This technique is all about bonding the tooth coloured resin fillings after cleaning and preparing the surface of the teeth by the dentist. This technique is also used to repaid close the gaps between teeth, change the shape of the teeth, and repair the chipped teeth.

5. Veneers – Veneers are small composite materials that are attached to the teeth’s front surface. These materials offer an improved appearance of the teeth by changing the colour, shape, masking stains or changing or replacing fractured pieces of teeth.

3. What is the Best Way to Whiten the Teeth?

When it comes to teeth whitening, there are many ways. For instance; if there is a stain on the outer surface of the teeth, then the dentist can help to whiten the teeth. But, if the stain is present on the inner surface of the teeth, there are several ways for whitening the teeth such as simply removing and replacing old fillings with new ones. Moreover, it also depends on individual to individual.

4. What is Home Bleaching?

It is the practice of wearing thin transparent plastic trays that are moulded to the teeth. The trays are there to offer support in holding a bleaching agent with the surface of the tooth. The active agent usually lasts for 10 days that lightens the appearance of the teeth.

5. Is Home Bleaching Safe?

Yes, home bleaching is considered to be safe and reliable. Many researchers have studied the effects of hydrogen peroxide when applied for the whitening of the teeth. However, it is important to consider the limitations of applying hydrogen peroxide for whitening of the teeth. Over-applying of this agent will ultimately lead to damaging the enamel.

6. How Long Does the Bleaching Last?

The lasting of bleaching depends on various circumstances. One of the main concerns is that the teeth tend to become dirty after a certain time. It is recommended to keep bleach stocks to repeat the whitening procedure along with visits to the dentist.

7. Are Whitening Toothpastes Very Effective?

They are but they have their limitations. Whitening toothpastes are made to target the whitening stains present on the surface of the teeth and not for whitening the tooth surface. Moreover, the concentration of the content is much lower when compared to the contents in-home bleaching kits.

What are dental implants?

A dental implant is a prosthesis that is used for replacing the missing tooth in an individual. A dental implant is basically when a titanium post or a fixture gets inserted right into the jawbone. Right on top of the titanium post, a full or partial denture, single crown or fixed bridge is attached.

Who requires dental implants?

An individual who has either a single or group or the entire teeth missing is the right candidate for dental implants.

What are the benefits of dental implants?

Due to dental decay or gum disease, it leads to permanent loss of either single or multiple adult teeth. So, dental implants are lifetime opportunity to get this problem sorted. It helps the individual for a better appearance, confidence, eating ability and participation in every activity of their lives without needing to worry about their teeth.

Are there any disadvantages to dental implants?

Minor risks are involved in dental implants such as infection, pain, and inflammation. However, these are not major concerns as the prosthodontist will tell you what to do. For instance - in case there isn’t any availability of the bone for placing the implant then a small procedure can be done by the specialist. It may be a little expensive. However, it is worth it.

What is the success rate of dental implants?

The success rate of dental implants depends on the individual along with the habits and overall condition. The success rate of dental implants will be more as long as the individual follows good habits such as eating healthy foods along with proper oral hygiene.

Will my dental implant last?

The lasting period of dental implants again depends on the individual along with how well he or she cares. Dental implants are not sensitive to any form of gum disease, decay, etc. But one needs to care even after going through the surgery for better overall health in the end.

Can I get metal-free implants?

No, as all the teeth replacement materials are either made up of or consist of metal ions. Similar to hip, shoulder or knee implants, dental implants too are made up of titanium alloy. This material is known to be strong and also highly biocompatible.

Is there any age limit to dental implants?

No, there isn’t any age limit when it comes to dental implants. However, if there is an age limit then it is for those under the age of 18years. This is because of the jaw that hasn’t been developed to its full potential. Apart from that, any person can get dental implants.

How long does it take for dental implant treatment?

The time period for this treatment usually takes about 4 to 12 months comprising of preliminary examination of prosthesis insertion. Other factors that determine the duration of implant treatment include the number of implants, the mass of the bone, etc.

Can dental implants be removed similar to dentures?

Absolutely not. Dental implants are fixed right into the bone allowing the original missing teeth to be replaced which allows it to function like normal teeth.

Is there any age limit for wisdom tooth removal?

Between the age of 18 and 25, the eruption of a wisdom tooth takes place. Removing the wisdom tooth usually depends on the severity. Therefore, it is best to get it removed if you feel pain after the eruption. However, younger adults are bound to safe from serious complications of tooth wisdom surgery.

If my wisdom teeth don’t hurt, do I need to get it removed?

Not really. There are people who do not undergo pain even after the complete eruption of wisdom tooth. However, the dentist can actually give you a better idea if and only if, you should undergo the removal of the wisdom teeth.

Will I have problems if I don’t get it removed?

It is completely up to the dentist. If the dentist advises you to get it removed, probably due to you being at a higher risk of complications in the future, get it removed. Therefore, listen to what your dentist tells you.

How does the dentist decide on getting the wisdom teeth removed?

The dentist will first do a dental examination and then check for the history of the health and symptoms of the individual. Later, the dentist will study the condition of the teeth and gums along with what is revealed on the x-rays of the teeth. Then he or she can decide whether or not you or the individual require extraction of the wisdom tooth or teeth.

What are a few symptoms of wisdom teeth?

Swell around the gums, pain in the jaw area, discharge in case of infection present, etc. However, there are a few people who do not feel any of these symptoms even after their wisdom teeth have completely erupted.

What is meant by impacted wisdom teeth?

Due to less space for the tooth to develop normally, it leads to crowding of the teeth which later impacts the surrounding teeth.

Any problems if I do not remove my wisdom teeth?

Now, this usually depends on person to person. For instance; in case the wisdom teeth do not grow fully, it can then lead to mild to severe complications such as sinus issues, infected gum diseases, alignment problems, etc.

What makes the removal of wisdom teeth difficult compared to other teeth?

If you compare wisdom teeth with normal teeth, these are known to grow a little differently. For some people, wisdom grows normally however, the majority of the world witnessed the growth of wisdom teeth in a more angled manner. This means, the teeth do not come out normally or sometimes it remains impacted during the time of development. Moreover, there are times when the wisdom teeth grow in different ways depending on the root anatomy of the wisdom teeth. Therefore, the dentist can only give you the best answer whether or not you require this procedure.

For how long does the local anesthesia last?

For around 8 to 10hours, the local anesthesia is known to last the numbing effect. This allows you to easily buy pain medications even after the surgery is done.

Instead of opting for local anesthesia, can I be sedated?

Yes, it is possible to get sedated. However, it depends on the recommendation of the dentist as not all patients can be sedated just to get wisdom teeth removed.

What is root canal treatment?

The process of saving a tooth from being decayed and an unhealthy state is called root canal treatment. Cleaning of the infected area surrounding the nerve of the tooth takes place during the procedure ensuring the tooth does not get damaged.

Why is this procedure performed?

The location of the nerve area is called the root canal is the region where it becomes quite painful during an infection. This leads to more health issues if it isn’t handled properly. Therefore, the infected tissue needs to be removed to stop the infection and to save the tooth.

Are there any alternatives apart from the root canal treatment?

Getting the whole tooth extracted is another alternative to root canal treatment. However, the best thing to be considered is to save the tooth. The rate of success for root canal treatment is more for problems such as biting problems due to the shifting of the teeth position, difficulty in eating, etc. which can occur if the tooth is extracted completely.

Is it painful?

Not really as root canal treatment is known to offer relief rather than pain. Previously, this treatment had a bad reputation of causing pain but the reality is that this treatment was not the reason behind the pain. It was the infection. The only weird feeling you will be feeling is during the time of filling.

What happens during this procedure?

First, local anesthesia is given to make the surrounding area numb. Next, a hole is drilled on the tooth in order to gain access to the pulp and canals. Then the diseased tissue is removed by cleaning the canals and the pulp chamber in order to fill with a biocompatible material. In the end, the open-sealed area is closed with the help of adhesive cement.

What happens after the treatment?

For a few days post-surgery, the tooth will feel sensitive for a couple of days. However, sensitive feelings can be relived with the help of Over-the-counter pain medications. The specialist will instruct you not to eat from the tooth which will undergo permanent filling in a couple of days. The filling portion depends on the individual along with how intense the procedure was.

Is this procedure expensive?

Depending on different factors, the cost of this treatment is different. For instance; endodontic treatment is cheaper compared to complete extraction of the tooth or placement of bridge or implant. So, the cost is different but the specialist can help you.

How do I avoid this treatment in the future?

Flossing and brushing the teeth daily will help your teeth from any form of tooth-decay. Make sure you avoid drinking soda-based beverages along with a diet that comprises of low sugar. Moreover, ensure you are protecting your teeth from causing injury while playing active sports.

Who is an Orthodontist? Or what is the work of an Orthodontist?

An orthodontic is a specialist in the field of dentistry. This professional helps an individual who faces problems related to the teeth’s alignment, spacing and position. Moreover, they also help the individual who faces problems in terms with face and jaw irregularities. Installation of braces and a number of oral appliances are used to deal with the problems.

Why is Orthodontic treatment necessary for me?

Aesthetics and functions are basically the 2 reasons behind this form of treatment. For instance - an attractive smile is not just to show it to the world but also you feel confident. When it comes to the function, the teeth function as they are intended to, along with making it easy for cleaning. Therefore, it helps to improve the overall health of you and others.

What is the appropriate age to get this form of treatment?

There is no age limit when it comes to orthodontic treatment. However, the younger you are, the easier it becomes for the treatment. According to many proven results, getting this treatment at the age of 7 is the perfect way to get it sorted as soon as possible.

When it comes to bite problem, how do I recognize it?

Some examples of requirement treatment include when the teeth get erupted from its original position, gets crowded or starts protruding. Other symptoms include biting the cheek frequently, breathing, sucking the thumb, speech difficulties. Additional symptoms include upon closing of the mouth the teeth do not meet or jaws making sounds during movement.

Does it hurt while getting braces? Or can I opt to wearing them?

Generally, it doesn’t pain when it comes to putting the braces. However, certain people are known to feel mild pains and aches, which are considered as normal. This is because the patient needs time to get used to the braces with minor adjustments. Moreover, the patient may face soreness. However, it is again considered to be normal and only lasts for a short period of time.

What is the Duration of the treatment?

Usually, the time period of the treatment is about 6 to 30 months depending on the individual. Later on, a retainer is required to be worn.

How often do I need to keep visiting the specialist?

Once in every 4 to 10 weeks is the recommended duration. However, it varies between an individual to another along with the type of treatment the individual goes through.

Do I need extraction of the teeth?

Again, it depends on the person. Normally, there are 2 reasons that require extraction of the teeth. One if the teeth are crowded severely due to small mouth, the and second is impacted teeth - a general problem related to wisdom tooth or teeth.

Do I need to be careful as to what I eat?

Yes, the food that you eat can either damage the braces or even get trapped in between. Some of the foods you should avoid eating for a few days or weeks include raw vegetables, hard chocolates, ice cubes, and hard candies.

Can I play outdoor games after getting the braces on?

Yes, you can. You can play any outdoor game in a normal manner. However, ensure that you put a mouthguard to protect those newly-installed braces.