The gums are the front and visible foundation for your teeth. A healthy gum promotes a healthy oral hygiene. Gums not only provide support, but also aid in protecting teeth from bacterial infection. The gums are a key part of your mouth that must be taken care of. Gum diseases are mainly caused by improper dental hygiene. Plaque formation takes place due to a large amount of unhealthy bacteria in your mouth. If not taken care of, plaque can harden into tartar which is extremely difficult to remove and requires dental procedure.
Plaque and tartar are gum diseases that eat into the gums. They create gaps, spaces and craters between the gums and teeth which become breeding grounds for unhealthy bacteria. These breeding grounds of bacteria eat into the gums and teeth. In severe cases, they can cause teeth to become loose and fall out. The bacteria may also start eating into the jaws bone creating craters and degradation in the bone. This is extremely difficult to fix and can only be done so through intense cleaning and bone and gum grafts. What makes gum diseases difficult to notice is the fact that they develop quietly and unseen. Only through regular best dental clinic in kothrud appointments and a good dental hygiene can you prevent them.
Types of Gum Diseases
Gum diseases are usually called collectively as periodontal diseases. Gingivitis is a mild form of Gum Diseases. It is mainly caused due to rotting food particles in the mouth and plaque buildup around the gum line. The buildup causes redness, swelling and inflammation of the infected gums. If severe, bleeding of the gum line takes place. Left untreated gingivitis turns into periodontitis. The bacteria build up has increased to the point in which the tissues and bone are now infected. Bone and tissue decay takes place, if not treated immediately it can lead to permanent loss of tissue, bone and teeth.
Caught in its early stages, gum diseases can be prevented by professional dental cleaning, scaling and root planning. During a dental cleaning, the dentist cleans the mouth and removes any tartar and plaque. Depending on the general condition of the mouth, you might be required by the best dentist in pune to get a professional cleaning twice a year.
Scaling and root cleaning is a much deeper cleaning. This process involves removing bacterial build up below the gum line. This is done mainly through scraping out tartar and plaque buildup. The dentist will also smooth out the teeth surfaces to remove any bacteria and indentation that allows bacterial build up.
Flap surgery or pocket reduction surgery is required for extreme cases of gum infection. In this procedure, the gum is opened up, tartar and plaque is removed, the roots are smoother out and then the gums are fit snugly against the teeth. This reduces the space where bacteria can grow.
Soft tissue and bone grafts are used when tissue and bone have degenerated. A bone or tissue fragment is taken from a donor or from a different part of your mouth and then placed in the desired location. The grafts help in growth of bone and tissues.
In certain situations, lasers can be used to kill germ and bacteria build up. Most of the bacteria and infected, dead tissue are killed and destroyed. This reduces the amount of bacteria in the mouth and promotes healing.
Specific drugs, mouthwashes and toothpaste are also available which help in killing bacterial build up in your mouth. These are usually prescribed by the dentist in case there is a slight buildup of plaque. Gum diseases are extremely dangerous. Left untreated, it will lead to loss of teeth. In time, your gum line will also recede and cause tissue and bone degradation.
Avoid Tobacco and cigarettes as they damage the teeth and gums. Food with high starch and sugar content can also lead to bacterial growth. Moderation and a healthy diet will keep the growth of bacteria in your mouth in check. Brushing your teeth is a requirement for a good oral health, Brush twice to thrice a day. Flossing is necessary to remove any food particles that might get stuck in your mouth. If not removed, these particles will promote bacterial growth. In addition, remember to visit you good dentist in pune at least twice a year as they are able to pick up warning signs of bacterial infection in your mouth. This is especially important since gum diseases are slow, painless and barely noticeable in the beginning.
Be on the lookout for severe bad breath, bleeding gums, swelling, pus formation, apses, loose teeth, cavities, plaque and tartar build up as they are some common signs of gum disease. Caught early, loss of natural tooth and gum can be easily prevented. Daily brushing, flossing and visiting your dentist twice a year will lead to good oral health and preserve your natural smile.